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    What is a Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test?

    The Complete Blood Count is a standard blood test that helps in assessing your general health. This test helps monitor the different types of cells present in the blood, such as red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets, to diagnose health conditions. Additionally, it provides valuable information about the effects of medications or medical conditions on the body and helps assess the health of the immune system.

    Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test Parameters

    The CBC test evaluates various parameters related to the different components of blood. Here are the main parameters that are checked in the test:

    WBCs

    White blood cells (WBCs) also called leukocytes are crucial for fighting infections and play a key role in the immune system. The test reveals the number of WBCs in your body with a differential count, which counts each type of WBC and immature RBCs.

    RBCs

    Red blood cells (RBCs) carry oxygen from around the body. Each RBC contains an iron-rich protein called haemoglobin, which helps in the transportation of oxygen. The quantity of RBCs within a specific volume of blood is typically measured in microliters (mcL). RBCs transport oxygen from the lungs to the entire body.

    Haematocrit (Hct)

    It represents the proportion of your blood that is made up of RBCs.

    Haemoglobin (Hb)

    It indicates the level of haemoglobin present in your bloodstream. Haemoglobin is a protein in RBCs that transports oxygen from the lungs to the entire body.

    RBC indices

    • Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC): It refers to the average haemoglobin concentration in a specific volume of blood.

    • Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH): It signifies the average haemoglobin concentration within individual RBCs.

    • Mean corpuscular volume (MCV): It denotes the average size of your RBCs.

    • Red cell distribution width (RDW) : It indicates the variability in RBC size.

    Platelet count

    It represents the total quantity of platelets in your blood sample.

    Understanding these parameters is crucial as they offer valuable insights into your overall health, allowing you to take active measures in managing your health effectively. Overall, a complete blood picture allows you to understand if you have any infections. In Bangalore, you can conveniently get a CBC Blood test at home through Orange Health Labs and get your test reports on time.

    Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test Preparation

    Before the CBC test, it's important to consider a few important things listed below:

    • Prerequisites : No special preparations are required for a CBC test. Your blood will be drawn for analysis.

    • Best time to get tested : You can reach out to your doctor for the best time to get tested based on whether you are getting other tests along with the CBC.

    • Eligibility for CBC test : Anyone can undergo a CBC test. Your doctor may order the test for routine health check-ups or if you’re showing signs of illness during checkups.

    • Cautions before taking the CBC test : The CBC test is safe and no special precautions are needed for it.

    By preparing with these steps, you can make sure your Haemogram blood test at home or in a laboratory gives accurate results.

    Why Take a Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test?

    There are several reasons why a healthcare professional may recommend a CBC test:

    • Monitoring and diagnosing conditions: The CBC test is beneficial for identifying and keeping track of various health problems like anaemia, bleeding issues, infections, and some cancers. If you have an ongoing health condition like chronic kidney disease (CKD) or cancer, the CBC test can be used to monitor your progress and make sure your treatment is effective.

    • Pre-treatment evaluation: Before starting certain medical procedures like surgery or chemotherapy, a CBC test might be done (along with other tests) to check your eligibility for the procedure.

    • Evaluation of unexplained symptoms: If you're feeling tired, weak, bruised, bleeding or getting frequent infections without any clear reason, a CBC test can help identify if there's something wrong with your health.

    • Routine health check-ups: The CBC test is often done with a routine health check-up or physical exam, to set a starting point and keep track of your overall health.

    A CBC test can help you get the right diagnosis and treatment based on the health of your blood components.

    Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test Results & Interpretation

    CBC test results can be interpreted accurately by your doctor by looking at the levels of your blood components. Here's the normal range for each parameter in the CBC test

    TestUnitsBiological Reference
    Red Blood Cells (RBC) Countmill/mm³4.5-5.5
    Haemoglobin (Hb)g/dL13.0-17.0
    Haematocrit (HCT) / Packed Cell Volume (PCV)%40-50
    Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)fL83-101
    Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH)pg27-32
    Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)g/dL31.5-34.5
    Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) CV%11.6-14.0
    Mentzer IndexBeta Thalassemia trait: < 14 Iron deficiency anaemia: ≥ 14
    Sehgal IndexBeta Thalassemia trait: < 972 Iron deficiency anaemia: ≥ 972
    Total White Blood Cell Count (TC)cells/mm³4000-10000
    Neutrophils%40-80
    Lymphocytes%20-40
    Monocytes%2-10
    Eosinophils%1-6
    Basophils%0-2
    Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC)/mm³2000-7000
    Absolute Lymphocyte Count (ALC)/mm³1000-3000
    Absolute Monocyte Count (AMC)/mm³200-1000
    Absolute Eosinophil Count (AEC)/mm³20-500
    Absolute Basophil Count (ABC)/mm³0-100
    Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR)1.0-3.0
    Platelet Count10 3 /µL150-450
    Platelet Haematocrit%0.20-0.50
    Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)fL7-13

    It is important to note that health conditions can lead to either high or low blood counts. Abnormal CBC levels may indicate the following conditions:

    • Low platelet counts: May indicate viral infections, immune problems, certain cancers, haemolytic uremic syndrome or thrombocytopenia.

    • High platelet counts: May be caused by infections, immune system disorders or if you are recovering from anaemia.

    • Low RBC counts (anaemia): May be caused by nutritional deficiencies (such as B12 or iron deficiency), blood loss, kidney issues, and bone marrow or blood disorders.

    • High RBC counts: May be a sign of dehydration, polycythaemia vera, heart and lung problems or sleep apnoea.

    • Low WBC counts: Causes may include infections, medications, autoimmune diseases, or bone marrow disorders.

    • High WBC counts: May be caused by infections, allergies, autoimmune disorders, lymphoma, or leukaemia.

    If you receive unexpected results from your CBC test, it's important to consult your doctor for further guidance and interpretation. Arrange your home CBC blood test in Bangalore with Orange Health to make sure you get an accurate assessment and reports

    FAQs on Complete Blood Count (CBC) Test in Bangalore

    The CBC test price is ₹ 380. This covers the fastest home sample collection, arriving within 60 minutes of your booking, with results ready in just 6 hours.

    CBC test is a widely used blood test for diagnosing and tracking various health issues. It measures the levels of RBCs, WBCs, platelets, haemoglobin, and the size of blood cells in a blood sample .

    No, fasting is not required for a CBC test. Your doctor will guide you if fasting is needed for any additional tests done along with the CBC test

    Yes, you can avail of CBC test home collection through Orange Health Labs. You can schedule a home sample collection within 60 minutes of booking, subject to availability.

    Listed below are the steps to book any blood test or health checkup on our platform

    • Search for the test: Look for the CBC test in Bangalore or at home and click on Orange Health’s listing.

    • Review and Book: Select the test, check the test prerequisites, enter your Address, and confirm the booking after picking a suitable time slot for sample collection.

    • Sample Collection: Our skilled eMedic will arrive within your chosen time slot to collect the sample at your home.

    • Lab Processing: The collected sample will be sent to and examined at our NABL accredited and ICMR approved labs.

    • Receive Results: You will receive your reports via email or WhatsApp within 6 hours. They will also be available on our app.

    The normal levels of the parameters in a CBC test are as follows:

    • Red Blood Cells (RBC) Count: 4.5-5.5 mill/mm³

    • Haemoglobin (Hb): 13.0-17.0 g/dL

    • Haematocrit (HCT) / Packed Cell Volume (PCV): 40-50%

    • Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV): 83-101 fL

    • Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH): 27-32 pg

    • Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC): 31.5-34.5 g/dL

    • Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) CV: 11.6-14.0%

    • Mentzer Index:

      • Beta Thalassemia trait: < 14

      • Iron deficiency anaemia: ≥ 14

    • Sehgal Index:

      • Beta Thalassemia trait: < 972

      • Iron deficiency anaemia: ≥ 972

    • Total White Blood Cell Count (TC): 4000-10000 cells/mm³

    • Neutrophils: 40-80%

    • Lymphocytes: 20-40%

    • Monocytes: 2-10%

    • Eosinophils: 1-6%

    • Basophils: 0-2%

    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC): 2000-7000 /mm³

    • Absolute Lymphocyte Count (ALC): 1000-3000 /mm³

    • Absolute Monocyte Count (AMC): 200-1000 /mm³

    • Absolute Eosinophil Count (AEC): 20-500 /mm³

    • Absolute Basophil Count (ABC): 0-100 /mm³

    • Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR): 1.0-3.0

    • Platelet Count: 150-450 10³/µL

    • Platelet Hematocrit: 0.20-0.50%

    • Mean Platelet Volume (MPV): 7-13 fL

    The CBC test reports are available within 6 hours

    CBC is usually done as a part of routine health checks. However, your doctor may order CBCs more frequently depending on your health status.

    Parameters included in the CBC test are:

    • WBC count

    • RBC count

    • HCT

    • Hb

    • RBC indices:

      • MCHC

      • MCH

      • MCV

      • RDW

    • Platelet count

    Fasting is not required for the CBC blood test. If other tests that require fasting are being done with the CBC test, your doctor should be able to guide you regarding the fasting time required.

    A Complete Blood Count (CBC) test aids in identifying various diseases and conditions, such as:

    • Nutritional deficiencies

    • Inflammation

    • Infections

    • Dehydration

    • Bone marrow disorders

    • Immune system disorders

    • Blood cancers like leukaemia and lymphoma

    Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) measures the average size of RBCs. Mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH) checks the average haemoglobin amount in each red blood cell. Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) indicates the concentration of haemoglobin in a given volume of red blood cells. MCV, MCH and MCHC, along with red cell distribution width, are known as RBC indices.

    Without having to visit a physical lab, Orange Health provides the fastest CBC test services near you across Bangalore at the convenience of your home. Localities include but are not limited to Adugodi, Banashankari, Bannerghatta, Basavanagudi, Bellandur, BTM Layout, Chamrajpet, Cottonpet, CV Raman Nagar, Domlur, Electronic City, Frazer Town, Giri Nagar, Hebbal, Hennur, Hosur, HSR Layout, Jakkur, Jalahalli, Jaya Nagar, Kadugodi, Kammanahalli, Kengeri, Koramangala, Mahalakshmi Layout, Madiwala, Magadi Road, Malleshwaram, Marathahalli, Mathikere, Mysore Road, Nagarbhavi, Nandhini Layout, Old Airport Road, Peenya, RT Nagar, Rajaji Nagar, Rajarajeshwari Nagar, Sadashivnagar, Sahakara Nagar, Sanjay Nagar, Sarjapur, Seshadripuram, Shanthi Nagar, Shivaji Nagar, Sri Nagar, Tyagarajnagar, Uttarahalli, Vasanth Nagar, Vidyaranyapura, Vijaya Nagar, Whitefield, Yelahanka, Yeshwantpur.

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